Conditions and exceptions including negligence clause as per Charterparty dated . . . are incorporated herewith.
It is very important that clauses such as this are duly inserted in the bills of lading. The reference to “all conditions as per charterparty dated . . .” is not sufficient and does not include the “negligence clause”, which is not regarded as a “condition” but as an “exception”. Bills of lading, which do not contain the complete clause, as outlined above do not afford sufficient protection if the cargo should be lost by negligence, for which the carriers may be held responsible.