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How is a bill of lading generated in the liner trades (i. e. in container and ro-ro freight shipping)?

Assuming that the shipper is a freight forwarder acting on behalf of the exporter:

 (1) The exporter sends a shipping note and Export Cargo Shipping Instructions (ECSI) to the freight forwarder. (2) The freight forwarder books space on a liner vessel and arranges customs clearance and documentation. (2) The freight forwarder pays freight to the sea carrier and delivers the goods to the sea carrier’s port terminal. (3) The sea carrier issues to the freight forwarder a set of “shipped” or “on board” bills of lading on loading. (6) The forwarder sends the bills of lading to the exporter if he needs them in a documentary credit transaction.

 

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What happens to the set of bills of lading once it has been issued to the shipper?

How is a bill of lading generated in the traditional way?