ANERA. This is the acronym given to an organisation of ship operating and owning companies that operate liner services between Asia and North America.

Advance freight. As a rule the freight on cargo shipped under a charterparty is payable at destination upon delivery to consignees.

Always accessible. The charterers can send the ship to ports in which the ship can be reached for the purpose of handling cargo or carrying out any other activity with the shore and as required by the Charterer.

As fast as the vessel can . . . (FAC). The laytime is a period of time that may be calculated by reference to the maximum rate at which the vessel, in full working condition, is capable of cargo operations, that is, of receiving or delivering the cargo.

AA AA. Always afloat, always accessible.

Always afloat. In order to prevent a vessel from being ordered to proceed to a berth where she cannot load or discharge without touching the ground or which can only be reached safely after discharging part of the cargo into lighters or which can only be reached with spring tide, the so-called "always safely afloat clause" is inserted in the charterparty. 

Accomplished bill of lading.The bill of lading is originally a receipt for cargo. To fulfil this purpose it is necessary for only one receipt to be issued by the party to whom the cargo has been entrusted for carriage. 

Agency fee. The agency fee is the remuneration for the agents who have attended to the ship's business during its stay at their port. 

Articles of Agreement. This was the name given to the document in which the terms of the crew employment agreement was contained. Under some flags, the Crew Agreement is still called the “Articles”. The name came from the different paragraphs in the document, each one numbered as “Article 1”, “Article 2”, and so on. The Agreement was also sometimes called “ship’s articles” or “shipping articles” and indicated that the contract was between the seaman and the master. 

 

API gravity. In the oil industry influenced by the United States the “American Petroleum Institute” scale of mass/volume is used.

Additional War Risk Insurance (AWRI).When tankers-are fixed to carry oil cargoes from or to a place where war or hostilities are taking place, hull insurers quickly impose additional war risk premiums on ships travelling to the areas of hostilities. 

Averaging. "To 'average' means that separate calculations are to be made for loading and discharging and any time saved in one operation is to be set against any excess time used in the other." (Charterparty Laytime Definitions 1980)

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