Feeder services. When a liner operator provides carriage of goods by sea from major ports, he may not be able to call in at smaller, less busy ports to pick up or drop cargo.
Full terms. If an order circulating in the freight market is subject to "full terms" this implies that in addition to the usual commissions, owners may have to allow certain reductions, which are customary in the trade in question. It is therefore important to ascertain in advance what percentage will have to be deducted from the rate of freight in order to have a clear picture of the position.
This expression also implies that despatch money will be due for any time saved in loading and discharging.
Fake bills of lading. Some fraudsters are capable of forging bills of lading using high quality colour photocopiers that can reproduce even the printed logo of the earner. These fake bills of lading are usually used in persuading buyers or banks to pay for non-existent cargo. This practice can be prevented if the innocent parties check the name and movements of the vessel named on the bill of lading.
Free alongside (FAS). If a charterparty provides for delivery of cargo "free alongside", it is up to the shippers to arrange for delivery of the goods within reach of ship's tackle (cargo handling equipment) unless the custom of the port provides otherwise. In some ports the meaning of this expression may be different. Shippers have fulfilled their obligation if they have arranged for delivery of the goods on pan of the wharf although beyond reach of ship's tackle.
Full knowledge of the local practice is therefore essential.