ITF (International Transport Workers' Federation). This is an organisation which exists for the purpose of looking after the interests o£ workers in transport jobs. There is a section dealing with seafarers' pay and working conditions.
Issue of bills of lading. Under the Hague Rules/Hague-Visby Rules, when the goods are received into the charge of the carrier, he or the master or agent of the carrier must, on demand of the shipper, issue a bill of lading properly describing the goods, that is, showing the identification marks, quantity of cargo and apparent order and condition of the goods (Art. III, r. 3).
In geographical rotation. If charterers have the option of loading or discharging a ship in several ports within a particular ranges for example, "ARH range" (Antwerp-Rotterdam-Hamburg range), it is important to stipulate that if this option is exercised, the ship will be ordered to proceed to the ports in geographical rotation.
I.M.O.The International Maritime Organisation, a specialised agency of the United Nations, deals mainly with the safety of navigation and the prevention of pollution of the marine environment. The influence of the I.M.O on chartering is not very large, except with references to the clauses in charterparties requiring compliance by ships with anti-pollution measures.