Lien clause. This is generally connected with the "Lesser clause" in a charterparty. The shipowner is given a possessory lien either by the common law or by express agreement (e.g. in the "Lien and Lesser" clause) on the cargo earned.
Loyalty contract. This is a contract by which a carrier or a conference offers a shipper a lower than normal advertised freight rate if the shipper undertakes to use the carrier’s or conference’s services exclusively.
Length between perpendiculars (LBP). The length between perpendiculars is the length between the foreside of the stem and the afterside of the rudder post at the vessel’s summer loadline. In a ship without a rudder post, the after perpendicular is the centreline of the rudder stock.