A separate class of insurance cover offered by the P&I clubs against the costs of legal representation in the collection of freight or demurrage, or in the defence of claims by consignees, charterers, etc., and in connection with disputes with parties such as bunker suppliers, repairers, ship suppliers, etc. Not all shipowners require FD&D cover as well as P&I cover.

(1) Ships reported by another Member State excluding unexpected factors; (2) ships involved in a collision, grounding or stranding on their way to port; (3) ships accused of an alleged violation of the provisions on discharge of harmful substances or effluents; (4) ships which have been maneuvered in an erratic or unsafe manner whereby routeing measures, adopted by the IMO, or safe navigational practices and procedures have not been followed; (5) ships which have been suspended or withdrawn from their Class for safety reasons after last PSC inspection; (6) ships which cannot be identified in the PMoU database.

 

The verification, by a marine warranty surveyor, of the requirements of an insurer specified in a Warranty Clause covering a marine operation, to ensure that all necessary precautions are taken to avoid loss. A survey typically includes review of all relevant documents, condition surveys of vessels and equipment, and approval of marine operations.

AB: American Bureau of Shipping; BV: Bureau Veritas; GL: Germanischer Lloyd; LR: Lloyd's Register; NV: Det Norske Veritas; RI: Registro Italiano Navale; NK: Nippon Kaiji Kyokai. These are the classification societies authorised by the MCA to act as Assigning Authorities for load lines and freeboards. "DT" are the letters used by the Department for Transport (MCA) on the loadline of a modern unclassed UK ship.

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