An organisation with appropriate expertise in security matters and with appropriate knowledge of ship and port operations authorized to carry out an assessment, or a verification, or an approval or a certification activity, required by SOLAS chapter XI-2 or by part A of the ISPS Code. RSOs can be approved by flag State Administrations to: (1) carry out ship security assessments; (2) prepare ship security plans; (3) review and approve ship security plans, or amendment to Plans; and (4) carry out initial and subsequent verifications of ships. RSOs approved by some flag States include classification societies and private security firms.

A recommendation that the ship: (1) should enter or leave a port in a relevant area; (2) should not enter or leave a port in a relevant area; (3) should not be bunkered; or (4) should only be bunkered subject to certain conditions, until the MCA are of the opinion that there is no longer a serious threat of pollution or a risk to human life. (For other questions on this subject, see the end of Section I.) 


He should follow the average adjuster's advice, which will normally be to obtain Average Bonds and Guarantees on all sound cargo being discharged after the general average act, and to accumulate evidence required for the adjustment. The adjuster will make an estimate of the total value of the loss or damage and advise the shipowner of the rate of contribution required from each party.


(1) Under Regulation 11: answer all questions as to health conditions on board put to him by a customs officer or authorised officer on arrival in port or if  already in port; (2) under Regulation 13: report, before arrival, any infectious disease, etc. on board; and, (3) under Regulation 15: if there was anything to report under Reg. 13, complete a Maritime Declaration of Health.

The Baltic and International Maritime Conference, which has an international membership of shipowners, shipbrokers, agents and P&I clubs. BIMCO represents the views of its members and helps them avoid costly business mistakes. It publishes many well-drafted forms including charter parties and bills of lading, and publishes the journal BIMCO Bulletin. Website: www. bimco. org