Load lines indicating the depth to which a passenger ship may be loaded having regard to the extent to which the ship is subdivided and to the space for the time being allotted to passengers. They are additional to the ship's ordinary load lines and, on a UK ship, are assigned and marked to correspond with the subdivision draughts approved by the MCA for alternative service conditions. They are permitted under SOLAS regulation II-1/13.

Compensation for a salvor who has carried out salvage operations in respect of a vessel which, by itself or its cargo, threatened damage to the environment but where the salvor has failed to earn a reward under Article 13 of the Salvage Convention at least equivalent to the special compensation assessable under Article 14. It was introduced into the 1989 Salvage Convention as an incentive to professional salvors to stay in the salvage business, since so many were leaving it due to low salvage rewards failing to cover high salvage costs.

A signed undertaking given by cargo receivers stating that, in return for delivery to them or to their order of the goods noted in the bond, they agree to pay the proper proportion of any general average charges (and salvage or special charges) which may thereafter be ascertained to be due from the goods. Lloyd's Average Bond form (LAB 77) is normally used.


The shipowner; each cargo owner (however many); the owners of the ship's bunker fuel (who are often time charterers); the recipients of the freight at risk (usually the shipowner or time charterers). Where cargo is owned by more than one party, each cargo owner is treated as a separate interest and bears his own share of any general average loss, no matter how small.


At least: name and IMO number of receiving ship; port; date of commencement of delivery; name, address and telephone number of marine fuel oil supplier; product name(s); quantity (metric tons); density at 15°C (kg/m3); sulphur content (% m/m); and a declaration signed and certified by the fuel oil supplier's representative that the fuel oil supplied is in conformity withregulation 14(1) or (4)(a) and regulation 18(1) of MARPOL Annex VI.