Costs associated with the ship's employment, including costs of bunker fuel, canal tolls, light dues, port charges (including pilotage, towage, berth charges, agency fees, linesmen's charges, etc.), passenger-handling costs, and cargo- handling costs. Voyage costs are the costs incurred to earn the freight or other voyage revenue. They vary with the length of the voyage and the number of port calls.
(1) The VTM Directive is implemented in the UK by The Merchant Shipping (Vessel Traffic Monitoring and Reporting Requirements) Regulations 2004 (SI 2004/2110), as amended. (2) The Port Waste Reception Facilities Directive is implemented by The MS and FV (Port Waste Reception Facilities) Regulations 2003 (SI 2003/1809), as amended. (3) The PSC Directive is implemented by The Merchant Shipping (Port State Control) Regulations 2011 (SI 2011/2601).
An organisation with appropriate expertise in security matters and with appropriate knowledge of ship and port operations authorized to carry out an assessment, or a verification, or an approval or a certification activity, required by SOLAS chapter XI-2 or by part A of the ISPS Code. RSOs can be approved by flag State Administrations to: (1) carry out ship security assessments; (2) prepare ship security plans; (3) review and approve ship security plans, or amendment to Plans; and (4) carry out initial and subsequent verifications of ships. RSOs approved by some flag States include classification societies and private security firms.
No, but it is by far the most popular. Various other forms are in use around the world, some of them mandatory in a coastal State's waters. In Japanese waters, for example, the Japanese Form of Salvage Agreement may be offered by a local salvor. The U.S. Open Form Salvage Agreement may be used in the US. There is also a Beijing Form, a Moscow Form, a Hamburg Form and others.
A recommendation that the ship: (1) should enter or leave a port in a relevant area; (2) should not enter or leave a port in a relevant area; (3) should not be bunkered; or (4) should only be bunkered subject to certain conditions, until the MCA are of the opinion that there is no longer a serious threat of pollution or a risk to human life. (For other questions on this subject, see the end of Section I.)