Load lines indicating the depth to which a passenger ship may be loaded having regard to the extent to which the ship is subdivided and to the space for the time being allotted to passengers. They are additional to the ship's ordinary load lines and, on a UK ship, are assigned and marked to correspond with the subdivision draughts approved by the MCA for alternative service conditions. They are permitted under SOLAS regulation II-1/13.

Compensation for a salvor who has carried out salvage operations in respect of a vessel which, by itself or its cargo, threatened damage to the environment but where the salvor has failed to earn a reward under Article 13 of the Salvage Convention at least equivalent to the special compensation assessable under Article 14. It was introduced into the 1989 Salvage Convention as an incentive to professional salvors to stay in the salvage business, since so many were leaving it due to low salvage rewards failing to cover high salvage costs.

A rule in major IMO conventions that, when inspecting a ship flying the flag of a State which is not a party to the Convention, Port State Control Officers must ensure that the treatment of such a ship and its crew is not more favourable than that of a ship flying the flag of a State party to that Convention. For example, many States have not yet ratified or acceded to MARPOL Annex VI, but ships flying their flags will still be required to meet the requirements of Annex VI to pass port State control inspections.

 

The Baltic and International Maritime Conference, which has an international membership of shipowners, shipbrokers, agents and P&I clubs. BIMCO represents the views of its members and helps them avoid costly business mistakes. It publishes many well-drafted forms including charter parties and bills of lading, and publishes the journal BIMCO Bulletin. Website: www. bimco. org

He should follow the average adjuster's advice, which will normally be to obtain Average Bonds and Guarantees on all sound cargo being discharged after the general average act, and to accumulate evidence required for the adjustment. The adjuster will make an estimate of the total value of the loss or damage and advise the shipowner of the rate of contribution required from each party.

 

Broadly, ships flying flags of Party States, when on international voyages. Each chapter (I to XII) defines the ships to which that chapter applies. Application may depend on type of ship (e.g. chapter X - High Speed Craft), or date of build (e.g. chapter II-1 - Construction - subdivision and stability, machinery and electrical installations), area of operation (e.g. chapter V - Safety of navigation), tonnage (e.g. chapter IV - Radio communications) or cargoes (e.g. chapter VI - Carriage of cargoes and oil fuels). Each chapter may also exempt certain ships from the chapter's requirements.