The shipowner; each cargo owner (however many); the owners of the ship's bunker fuel (who are often time charterers); the recipients of the freight at risk (usually the shipowner or time charterers). Where cargo is owned by more than one party, each cargo owner is treated as a separate interest and bears his own share of any general average loss, no matter how small.


A rule in major IMO conventions that, when inspecting a ship flying the flag of a State which is not a party to the Convention, Port State Control Officers must ensure that the treatment of such a ship and its crew is not more favourable than that of a ship flying the flag of a State party to that Convention. For example, many States have not yet ratified or acceded to MARPOL Annex VI, but ships flying their flags will still be required to meet the requirements of Annex VI to pass port State control inspections.


Security for the salvor's SCOPIC remuneration, which must be paid within two working days (excluding Saturdays and Sundays and holidays usually observed at Lloyd's) after receiving written notice from the salvor invoking the SCOPIC Clause, by bank guarantee or P&I Club letter for security for US$3 million.

At least: name and IMO number of receiving ship; port; date of commencement of delivery; name, address and telephone number of marine fuel oil supplier; product name(s); quantity (metric tons); density at 15°C (kg/m3); sulphur content (% m/m); and a declaration signed and certified by the fuel oil supplier's representative that the fuel oil supplied is in conformity withregulation 14(1) or (4)(a) and regulation 18(1) of MARPOL Annex VI.

Except in the Panama Canal (see below), the pilot is an advisor to the master, without having command, navigational control or charge of the vessel. The pilot's duty is restricted to advising the master of local conditions affecting safe navigation. The master has full responsibility for the navigation and manoeuvring of his ship during all acts of pilotage. (Hence the bridge movement book term, "To Master's Orders and Pilot's Advice". )