The shipowner; each cargo owner (however many); the owners of the ship's bunker fuel (who are often time charterers); the recipients of the freight at risk (usually the shipowner or time charterers). Where cargo is owned by more than one party, each cargo owner is treated as a separate interest and bears his own share of any general average loss, no matter how small.

 

MGN 81 strongly urges compliance with the IMO Guidelines for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water to Minimize the Transfer of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens. MGN 363 provides information and interim guidance for use until the BWM Convention has been ratified by the UK and domestic legislation has been made. MIN 283 contained Practical guidelines for ballast water exchange in the Antarctic Treaty Area.

 

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