A recommendation that the ship: (1) should enter or leave a port in a relevant area; (2) should not enter or leave a port in a relevant area; (3) should not be bunkered; or (4) should only be bunkered subject to certain conditions, until the MCA are of the opinion that there is no longer a serious threat of pollution or a risk to human life. (For other questions on this subject, see the end of Section I.) 


Many States (including the UK) have enacted legislation incorporating the Hague-Visby Rules into their national sea carriage of goods law. Where no such national legislation applies, and there is no legislation making the Hague Rules or Hamburg Rules apply, the Hague-Visby Rules may still be made applicable by the shipowner inserting appropriate words into the Clause Paramount in the contract of carriage. 

It draws attention to an extract from an IMO Resolution (A. 285(VIII)), which states: "Despite the duties and obligations of a pilot, his presence on board does not relieve the officer of the watch from his duties and obligations for the safety of the ship. He should co-operate closely with the pilot and maintain an accurate check on the vessel's position and movements. If he is in any doubt as to the pilot's actions or intentions, he should seek clarification from the pilot and if doubt still exists he should notify the master immediately and take whatever action is necessary before the master arrives."


The Secretary of State's Representative for Maritime Salvage and Intervention, who is appointed under UK legislation to take control at salvage incidents where there is a threat of significant pollution of UK waters.