Unless a private settlement is made between finder and property owner, the award is decided by a civil court having Admiralty jurisdiction.
Whereas a possessory lien depends on possession of property, a maritime lien does not depend on possession and is not extinguished by transfer of title in the property to a bona fide purchaser who is not notified of the lien's existence. A maritime lien can therefore "travel with the ship" to which it attaches, and is not lost through a change of ownership.
(1) Ships reported by another Member State excluding unexpected factors; (2) ships involved in a collision, grounding or stranding on their way to port; (3) ships accused of an alleged violation of the provisions on discharge of harmful substances or effluents; (4) ships which have been maneuvered in an erratic or unsafe manner whereby routeing measures, adopted by the IMO, or safe navigational practices and procedures have not been followed; (5) ships which have been suspended or withdrawn from their Class for safety reasons after last PSC inspection; (6) ships which cannot be identified in the PMoU database.
Security for the salvor's SCOPIC remuneration, which must be paid within two working days (excluding Saturdays and Sundays and holidays usually observed at Lloyd's) after receiving written notice from the salvor invoking the SCOPIC Clause, by bank guarantee or P&I Club letter for security for US$3 million.