"Unless it would further comprise the safety or security, if the ship is operating in a mandatory reporting system, the master should report this action and the reason for doing so to the competent authority."
No oil tanker of 5, 000 dwt or more carrying heavy grades of oil as cargo, irrespective of its flag, may enter or leave an EU port or offshore installation or anchor in an area under the jurisdiction of an EU Member State (including for ship-to-ship transfer operations, bunkering, crew changes, storing, etc. ), unless it is double-hulled. Single-hull oil tankers of 600 dwt or more but less than 5, 000 dwt can continue operating until the anniversary in 2008 of their delivery date. The ban is an interim measure pending the complete phasing-out of all single-hull tankers. (See also questions on Condition Assessment Scheme in Section D. )
No, but it is by far the most popular. Various other forms are in use around the world, some of them mandatory in a coastal State's waters. In Japanese waters, for example, the Japanese Form of Salvage Agreement may be offered by a local salvor. The U.S. Open Form Salvage Agreement may be used in the US. There is also a Beijing Form, a Moscow Form, a Hamburg Form and others.
Costs associated with the ship's employment, including costs of bunker fuel, canal tolls, light dues, port charges (including pilotage, towage, berth charges, agency fees, linesmen's charges, etc.), passenger-handling costs, and cargo- handling costs. Voyage costs are the costs incurred to earn the freight or other voyage revenue. They vary with the length of the voyage and the number of port calls.