Usually by radio, but it may be signalled by any means. A message might read: "OFFER SALVAGE SERVICES BASIS LLOYD'S FORM LOF 2011 NO CURE NO PAY. MASTER (ASSISTING SHIP'S NAME) ".
He should follow the average adjuster's advice, which will normally be to obtain Average Bonds and Guarantees on all sound cargo being discharged after the general average act, and to accumulate evidence required for the adjustment. The adjuster will make an estimate of the total value of the loss or damage and advise the shipowner of the rate of contribution required from each party.
Where, for example: (1) there is a prospect that a vessel being salved will become a total loss before successful completion of the salvage operation; or (2) there is a prospect that any Article 13 reward for saving property will be will be less than the costs of the salvage operation (e. g. due to low ship or cargo values).
(1) The VTM Directive is implemented in the UK by The Merchant Shipping (Vessel Traffic Monitoring and Reporting Requirements) Regulations 2004 (SI 2004/2110), as amended. (2) The Port Waste Reception Facilities Directive is implemented by The MS and FV (Port Waste Reception Facilities) Regulations 2003 (SI 2003/1809), as amended. (3) The PSC Directive is implemented by The Merchant Shipping (Port State Control) Regulations 2011 (SI 2011/2601).
Yes, but only where they have first abandoned their ship without any prospect of re-boarding her, and are not "company contract" employees. After the crew of the tanker San Demetrio abandoned their burning ship in 1942, some of them managed to board and salvage the ship, and earned a salvage reward.
(1)A 72-hour pre-arrival notification to the port State control authority for ships eligible for expanded inspection (i. e. ships with a High Risk Ship (HRS) profile and all passenger ships, oil tankers, gas carriers, chemical tankers and bulk carriers older than 12 years); and (2) a 24-hour pre-arrival notification to the port State control authority for all ships. (For details see Paris MoU region pre-arrival notifications, below. )