Broadly, ships flying flags of Party States, when on international voyages. Each chapter (I to XII) defines the ships to which that chapter applies. Application may depend on type of ship (e.g. chapter X - High Speed Craft), or date of build (e.g. chapter II-1 - Construction - subdivision and stability, machinery and electrical installations), area of operation (e.g. chapter V - Safety of navigation), tonnage (e.g. chapter IV - Radio communications) or cargoes (e.g. chapter VI - Carriage of cargoes and oil fuels). Each chapter may also exempt certain ships from the chapter's requirements.

Compensation for a salvor who has carried out salvage operations in respect of a vessel which, by itself or its cargo, threatened damage to the environment but where the salvor has failed to earn a reward under Article 13 of the Salvage Convention at least equivalent to the special compensation assessable under Article 14. It was introduced into the 1989 Salvage Convention as an incentive to professional salvors to stay in the salvage business, since so many were leaving it due to low salvage rewards failing to cover high salvage costs.

A rule in major IMO conventions that, when inspecting a ship flying the flag of a State which is not a party to the Convention, Port State Control Officers must ensure that the treatment of such a ship and its crew is not more favourable than that of a ship flying the flag of a State party to that Convention. For example, many States have not yet ratified or acceded to MARPOL Annex VI, but ships flying their flags will still be required to meet the requirements of Annex VI to pass port State control inspections.

 

A certificate, issued by a P&I club to a vessel entered with the club for cover against third party liabilities, as evidence of the contract of indemnity insurance between the club and the club member or members named in the certificate. It shows the risks covered (e. g. "Class 1 Protection and Indemnity risks"), any inclusions (e. g. "four fourths collision liability in accordance with Rule... "), any exclusions, and the deductible(s) to be borne by the member.

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