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Transverse Stability, Large Angles

TRANSVERSE STABILITY, LARGE ANGLES

When the angle of heel becomes larger a number of the simplifying assumptions made above no longer apply:

Transverse Stability, Small Angles

TRANSVERSE STABILITY, SMALL ANGLES

So far, consideration has been given only to a ship when in equilibrium or moving slowly from one position of equilibrium to another. Now consider what happens when a ship is subject to a small heeling moment.

Lashing of containers on deck

Lashing of containers on deck

In the early years of containerisation, existing general cargo vessels were converted with the removal of ‘tween decks and the addition of cell guides into the cargo holds. On deck, the hatchcovers were strengthened and fittings added for lashings.

Hydrostatic Curves

HYDROSTATIC CURVES

For a given loading condition the draughts at which a ship will float are determined by:

Coefficients of Fineness

Coefficients of Fineness

A table of offsets, although accurately defining the hull shape, does not provide an immediate feel of the main characteristics of that shape. There are some “coefficients” which can be obtained for the underwater hull which provide clues as to its general nature and its likely behaviour.

Buoyancy and Displacement

BUOYANCY AND DISPLACEMENT

It was Archimedes who first realised, in his “eureka” moment, that a body that is immersed completely in water will displace a volume of water equal to the volume of the body and that the apparent weight of the body, when immersed, will be reduced by the weight of water displaced.

Signaling by Morse Code

Signalling by Morse Code

Morse symbols

Alphabet

Angle of Loll

Ship Stability - Angle of Loll

Consider the following vessel in unstable equilibrium condition.

Defining the Ship Geometry

DEFINING THE SHIP GEOMETRY

As with any engineering product, precision is necessary in defining the geometry of a ship. Again, in common with most disciplines, an internationally recognised terminology has grown up over the years to aid this definition.

Angle of Loll

ANGLE OF LOLL A ship which is slightly unstable in the upright condition may become stable as it heels over. The GZ curve for such a case is shown:

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Finding a Ship's Draughts

FINDING A SHIP’S DRAUGHTS

Knowing the weight and cg position for any given ship condition, the draughts can be found by:

Stability Standarts

STABILITY STANDARDS

Before one can define the standards for desirable stability, it is necessary to consider the normal operations of the ship and what accidents might befall it.

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Defining the Transverse Section

Defining the Transverse Section

Picture shows typical cross-sections of a ship near amidships and near the bow. It will be noted that:

The Metacentric Diagram

THE METACENTRIC DIAGRAM

When a ship is heeled through a small angle, the centre of buoyancy moves to a new position B1 and the buoyancy force acts through a point M on the centreline. M is known as the transverse metacentre.

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Subcategories

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