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What is an exclusive economic zone, or EEZ?

A zone beyond and adjacent to a State’s territorial sea in which the State has sovereign rights and duties in relation to the zone’s natural resources, e. g. fish, oil, gas and minerals. 

(The State can license fishing, drilling, and the installation of wind farms, for example. ) Freedom of navigation in the EEZ is the same as on the high seas, but in the interests of safety near offshore installations, the coastal State may restrict navigation.

 

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