How can the shipowners ensure (on paper at least) that they are paid freight before delivering the cargo at the discharge port?

In English common law the shipowners may exercise a possessory lien on any part of the cargo in respect of which freight is owed at the destination or on which money has been spent in protecting the cargo. A Lien Clause is usually inserted in the charter party.

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A ship is discharging a cargo of coal when the master learns from the agent that there is a problem with collection of the freight. If the ship has to sail, how can owners’ lien for freight be exercised?

Has the cargo been delivered once it has been discharged?