In a contract for the carriage of goods by sea, which party has a possessory lien, on what item, and in respect of what claims?

The carrier has a possessory lien on goods in his possession for unpaid freight, general average charges and money spent in protecting the cargo (sometimes called particular charges or special charges). “Possession” includes actual possession, e. g. when the goods are still on board the ship, as well as constructive possession, e. g. when the goods have been discharged but have not yet been delivered to the receiver. In this case the ship’s agent may be instructed to exercise the lien on the carrier’s behalf after the ship has sailed.

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A ship has discharged a cargo of coal and is ready to sail If the shipowners are still owed the freight, how can their lien on the cargo be exercised after the ship has sailed?

What is an example of a contractual lien in shipping?