In what circumstances might a letter of indemnity be offered to the ship or carrier, in connection with a bill of lading?

(1) Against issue of a “clean” bill of lading when cargo is shipped that is not in “apparent good order and condition”;Β 

(2) when goods are being claimed at the discharge port without surrender of one of the set of “original” bills of lading; and (3) when the port where delivery is required is not the same as the port of discharge shown on the Bill; (4) where there is a combination of (2) and (3).


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In which of the two circumstances in the last answer should an offered letter of indemnity never be accepted?

With reference to the previous question, which document will be the contract of carriage – the charter party or the bill of lading?