What is the primary purpose of a Clause Paramount (or Paramount Clause) in a bill of lading?

To incorporate into the contract of carriage evidenced by the bill of lading the provisions of a specified liability convention governing bills of lading, e. g. the Hague-Visby Rules, or specified national legislation, e. g. the US Carriage of Goods by Sea Act, 1936. The clause is important to establish the shipper’s or consignee’s rights, and the carrier’s defences to cargo claims and limits of liability.

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What is a shipowners’ bill of lading, or “owner’s bill”?

What additional remarks should a bill of lading contain if cargo has been shipped on deck?