Where a master accepts salvage assistance without first seeking instructions, what is his/her legal status in relation to cargo owners?

Assuming that he has not had an opportunity to contact the cargo owners for their instructions, he acts as their agent of necessity. (See also questions on Agent’s authority in Section B and Lloyd’s Open Form in Section H.)

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What is a bailee, and when does a shipmaster become a bailee?

For whom might a shipmaster act as agent during the course of his or her service on board?