What is a contiguous zone, and to what extent does a coastal State have jurisdiction over ships in its contiguous zone?

A zone bounding a coastal State’s territorial sea in which the State may exercise the control necessary to: (1) prevent infringement of its customs, fiscal, immigration or sanitary laws and regulations within its territory or territorial sea; and (2) punish infringement of these laws and regulations committed within its territory or territorial sea.

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How far from the baseline can a contiguous zone extend?

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