In what ways might a vessel be held by a court to be unseaworthy?

If, for example, she sailed without valid statutory certificates or a valid Certificate (or Interim Certificate) of Class;Β 

if her holds were not properly fitted for the cargo (e. g. ventilation system not working, no dunnage, no fire- fighting agent); if her cargo was not properly stowed or secured; if she had an improperly qualified master or officers; if she did not carry appropriate (and corrected) charts for the voyage; or if she had insufficient bunkers for the voyage.


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