What is a Formal Investigation, and who can order one?

A Formal Investigation is an official inquiry into a ship’s loss. The Secretary of State for Transport can order one under section 268 of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995, whether or not the MAIB has made its own inquiry. There have been Formal Investigations into many casualties including Derbyshire, Herald of Free Enterprise and Marchioness/Bowbelle.

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Who conducts Formal Investigations?

Where are MAIB investigation reports published?